Value

Introduction to Causation With A Human Face

How should philosophers (and others) approach the topic of causation and causal reasoning? Causation with a Human Face (CHF) proposes an approach that brings together results from a number of different disciplines, both descriptive ( e.g., the empirical psychology of causal cognition) and normative (statistics, econometrics, machine learning,  philosophy).  The guiding idea is that   causal reasoning  should be understood in “functional” terms– that is in terms of the role that it plays in human life and the human goals and purposes that it serves.  I see this as contrasting with philosophical inquiries into what causation “is”.  Along the way I discuss a number of other issues, including the role of appeals to “intuitions” or “judgments about cases” in philosophizing about causation,  the adequacy of “associationist” models of human causal cognition,  “rational” models of causal cognition, relations between normative theorizing (how one ought to reason causally) and descriptive models (how as a matter of empirical fact people do reason), what I call distinctions within causation and much else. I also  explore issues related to the descriptive adequacy of several philosophical theories of causation understood as proposals about causal reasoning.   ¶ Although normative theorizing about causal reasoning is carried out in a number of other disciplines, CHF argues that many prominent philosophical theories are naturally viewed (and ought to be viewed) as normative proposals as well, although they typically also have a descriptive component. For example,  David Lewis’ well-known counterfactual account of causation can be regarded as a normative proposal to the effect that causal claims should be understood in terms of certain counterfactuals and... -

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Divine command, natural law and arbitrariness

People often levy an arbitrariness objection against divine command theory: If God simply chooses what we ought, why did he choose to command kindness rather than cruelty? ¶ It occurs to me that an advocate of theistic natural law probably cannot levy the arbitrariness object. For there is a structurally very similar question about theistic natural law: If God simply chooses which natures to create, why did he choose to create beings with our basic physical structure and a nature that requires kindness rather than beings with our basic physical structure but a nature that requires cruelty? ¶ It might be retorted that logical space does not contain a nature that specifies cruelty and yet the same basic physical structure as ours. This is... -

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Virtue Epistemology

[Revised entry by John Turri, Mark Alfano, and John Greco on October 26, 2021. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Contemporary virtue epistemology (hereafter 'VE') is a diverse collection of approaches to epistemology. At least two central tendencies are discernible among the approaches. First, they view epistemology as a normative discipline.... -

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Ad Hoc

¶ Ad Hoc by Rachel Katler ¶ Other Daily Nous Comics / More Info about DN Comics Rachel Katler on Twitter ¶ -

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Ad Hoc Ad Hoc by Rachel Katler Other Daily Nous Comics / More Info about DN Comics Rachel Katler on Twitter Daily Nous -


Virtue Epistemology [Revised entry by John Turri, Mark Alfano, and John Greco on October 26, 2021. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Contemporary virtue epistemology (hereafter 'VE') is a diverse collection of approaches to epistemology. At least two central tendencies are discernible among the approaches. First, they view epistemology as a normative discipline. Second, they view intellectual agents and communities as the primary focus of epistemic evaluation, with a focus on the intellectual virtues and vices embodied in... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


Introduction to Causation With A Human Face How should philosophers (and others) approach the topic of causation and causal reasoning? Causation with a Human Face (CHF) proposes an approach that brings together results from a number of different disciplines, both descriptive ( e.g., the empirical psychology of causal cognition) and normative (statistics, econometrics, machine learning,  philosophy).  The guiding idea is that   causal reasoning  should be understood in “functional” terms– that is in terms of the role that it plays in human life and the human goals and purposes... Brains Blog -


Nietzsche Fights the Law Existential Comics -


François Laruelle’s A BIOGRAPHY OF ORDINARY MAN Introduction 4.1 Science and Objects Pluralism, real multiple, the One is the mark of the multiple, transcendental science vs empirical sciences, real comparison vs metaphorical comparison, the quantum connection, change in the modes of visibility and objectivation of objects, object-oriented ontology, ob-jects vs objects, « fields » as philosophical posits. Agent Swarm -


Chaospet Chaospet by Ryan Lake Other Daily Nous Comics / More Info about DN Comics Ryan Lake on Twitter Daily Nous -


This Is Still the Greatest God wants seditionGod wants sexGod wants freedomGod wants semtex Ecology Without Nature -


In Which Bertrand Russell Asks Out a Girl Existential Comics -


Savarin, Pelluchon, and the Gastronomic Ego Many recent readers of jurist and gastronome Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, including Carolyn Korsmeyer, Jessica Jacques, Roland Barthes, and Michel Onfray, see his magnum opus entitled Physiologie de goût as a foundational text in contemporary gustatory aesthetics – and aesthetics generally – with Jacques going as far as to say that it is “the foundational conceptual […] Blog of the APA -


Philosophy and Christian Theology [New Entry by William Wood on October 15, 2021.] [Editor's Note: The following new entry by William Wood replaces the former entry on this topic by the previous authors.] Many Christian doctrines raise difficult philosophical questions. For... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


Philosophy and the Mirror of Technology: The Limits of Objectivity A goal of this series is to explore the relationship among science, philosophy and faith.  Previously, I made the case that modern physics is recasting philosophical questions, suggesting that quantum artificial intelligence invigorates Spinoza’s strict rationalism.  As a counterpoint, before I further this argument in later essays, I would like to pause and recognize the […] Blog of the APA -


Epistemic Modality Epistemic Modality Epistemic modality is the kind of necessity and possibility that is determined by epistemic constraints. A modal claim is a claim about how things could be or must be given some constraints, such as the rules of logic (logical modality), moral obligations (deontic modality), or the laws of nature (nomic modality). A modal … Continue reading Epistemic Modality → Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


Situations in Natural Language Semantics [Revised entry by Angelika Kratzer on October 13, 2021. Changes to: Bibliography] Situation semantics was developed as an alternative to possible worlds semantics. In situation semantics, linguistic expressions are evaluated with respect to partial, rather than complete, worlds. There is no consensus about what situations are, just as there is no consensus about what possible worlds or events are. According to some, situations are structured entities consisting of relations and individuals standing in those relations.... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


To φ Or Not To φ To φ Or Not To φ by Tanya Kostochka (Thanks to Nomy Arpaly for the inspiration and the punchline for this comic.) Other Daily Nous Comics / More Info About DN Comics Tanya Kostochka on Twitter Daily Nous -


Every video has an equal and opposite reaction video I’m not a big fan of reaction videos as a genre, but Glamour‘s second-order reaction video series You Sang My Song is an exception. A star watches YouTube covers of their hits, and then the person who made the cover watches the reaction video of the star watching their cover. The stars sometimes get genuinely … Continue reading "Every video has an equal and opposite reaction video" News For Wombats -


Sun Tzu vs Machiavelli Existential Comics -


MICHAEL HUEMER What is it like to be a philosopher? -


Random quoteIn sharing a language, in whatever sense this is required for communication, we share a picture of the world that must, in its large features, be true.Donald Davidson (1917-2003) Philosophy by the Way -


Freedom in Contention The very excellent Mikayla Novak. classical liberalismmikayla novakpolitical economySociology Man Without Qualities -


Immanuel Kant's Day Off Existential Comics -