Science & Logic

Model Theory

In this post, I argue that Model Theory is a superior account of the broader conception of mindreading laid out in the previous post. Thus far, I have refrained from discussing Theory Theory (TT) and Simulation Theory (ST) even though these theories have been the two main general theories of mindreading for decades. The time has come to very brieflyexplain these theories. So, here goes. Theory theorists hold that our capacity for mindreading is underwritten by an information-rich body of folk psychological information that we employ to infer others’ mental states and predict their behavior. The TT holds that theoretical inferences play a foundational role in developing the capacity for mature mindreading, and they continue to underwrite our ability to explain and predict others’ behavior even in adults. And though other sorts of cognitive processes, such as simulation, may play a role in mindreading, these other processes are subsidiary to theoretical inferences. ¶ In contrast to the TT, simulation theorists argue that simulational processes are developmentally fundamental in the sense that without simulation, we would not have imitation, joint attention, and empathy, which are the building blocks of mature mindreading. Furthermore, ST holds that simulation processes continue to underwrite our developed capacity to explain and predict others’ behavior as adults. Hybrid ST theories allow that theoretical processes may supplement simulation, and in some cases theoretical inferences may be more appropriate, but simulational processes are both more foundational and more common than theoretical processes. ¶ Many readers will have heard... -

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Eliminating Footnotes Makes Philosophy More Accessible

by Nick Bird It’s 2019. Computers can drive cars, operate stores, and outperform humans in sophisticated games. However, computers cannot correctly read a PDF with footnotes. ... Read more... -

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az the (Hungarian) ¶ beku frozen (Indonesian) ¶ culus heavy (Somali) ¶ daji blow (Chinese) ¶ eetali earthen (Samoan) ¶ fomelis small (Greek) ¶ gadak carcass (Gujarati) ¶ himlib he was (Uzbek) ¶ injuk Poughkeepsie (Sundanese) ¶ jazo penalty (Uzbek) ¶ kuza come (Xhosa) ¶ locho route (Gujarati) ¶... -

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Eliminating Footnotes Makes Philosophy More Accessible by Nick Bird It’s 2019. Computers can drive cars, operate stores, and outperform humans in sophisticated games. However, computers cannot correctly read a PDF with footnotes. ... Read more... Blog of the APA -


A to Z az the (Hungarian) beku frozen (Indonesian) culus heavy (Somali) daji blow (Chinese) eetali earthen (Samoan) fomelis small (Greek) gadak carcass (Gujarati) himlib he was (Uzbek) injuk Poughkeepsie (Sundanese) jazo penalty (Uzbek) kuza come (Xhosa) locho route (Gujarati) moshar mosquito (Bengali) noofa diesel (Swahili) oq what (Portugese) qoxa smell (Azerbaijani) radam landfill (Maltese) sujub goes smoothly (Estonian) teeke blanket (Frisian) upad decline (Slovenian) vlon seethe (Albanian) weshxo diagram (Zulu) xim color (Hmong) yashb live (Uzbek) zibimi... Eric Linus Kaplan -


Model Theory In this post, I argue that Model Theory is a superior account of the broader conception of mindreading laid out in the previous post. Thus far, I have refrained from discussing Theory Theory (TT) and Simulation Theory (ST) even though these theories have been the two main general theories of mindreading for decades. The time has come to very brieflyexplain these theories. So, here goes. Theory theorists hold that our capacity for mindreading is underwritten... Brains Blog -


Values in Psychological Science Today's post is by Lisa Osbeck. Lisa is a Professor of Psychology with interest in the Philosophy of Science. Her work explores the psychological dimensions of science practice and considers how they can help us better understand both science and persons. In this post, Lisa presents her new book Values in Psychological Science: Re-imagining Epistemic Priorities at a New Frontier, published by Cambrige University Press.In previous work, I collaborated with Nancy Nersessian and colleagues in an ethnographic study... Imperfect Cognitions -


Family Portrait: Jazz Fest at 50 Just released. Scott Guion’s painting for Jazz Fest 50. jazz Festmusicnew orleansScott Guion Man Without Qualities -


A Note on the Influence of Mach’s Psychology in the Sensory Order Giandomenica Becchio’s piece. carnapFriedrich HayekGiandomenica BecchioKantmachNeurathphilosophical psychologypositivism Man Without Qualities -


Infinity, Causation, and Paradox -- cheaper I notice that Amazon has two hardcover copies of the book for $25 shipped, which is about half of the regular price. Alexander Pruss -


Mindscape Podcast: Philosophy Outside Academia By Sean Carroll It took me a while to catch on, but I’ve become very excited about the prospects of podcasting as a medium of ... Read more... Blog of the APA -


TIME TIME TIME Is the title of the opera I've been writing with Jennifer Walshe and we're real close to the premieres here, in Bergen (at the amazing Borealis festival), Amsterdam (hi Sonic Acts! I will never ever forget the Dark Ecology tours) and Berlin (Maerzmusik). I'm stunned by what I'm hearing from Jennifer... Ecology Without Nature -


Mementos from Excursion 4: Objectivity & Auditing: Blurbs of Tours I – IV Excursion 4: Objectivity and Auditing (blurbs of Tours I – IV)   . Excursion 4 Tour I: The Myth of “The Myth of Objectivity” Blanket slogans such as “all methods are equally objective and subjective” trivialize into oblivion the problem of objectivity. Such cavalier attitudes are at odds with the moves to take back science The goal of this tour is to identify what there is in objectivity that we won’t give up, and shouldn’t.... Error Statistics -


Benjamin Lennertz will give a talk at Bogazici University (Jan 15) Benjamin Lennertz (Colgate University) will give a talk at Bogazici University on January 15 at 15:00 in JF507. The title and the abstract are below. All are welcome. Title: Probabilism without (Substantive) Arguments Abstract: Probabilism is a popular view about the rational requirements governing thoughts about what is likely and unlikely, which says that the strengths of such thoughts for a person should conform to the laws of probability. The formal epistemology literature contains several... Hesperous is Bosperous -


Rigidity and General Terms: Two Different Analogues of the Singular Case This post wrestles with and begins to settle on a view about the confusing issue of how Kripke's notion of rigidity may apply to general terms. One analogue of rigidity for general terms: how about we think of it as a rigid connection between properties (or alternatively, an additional connection between the "rigid" term and a further property).So for example, 'water' in the first instance picks out the property of being water, which is tied rigidly... Sprachlogik -


Logical Pluralism [Revised entry by Gillian Russell on January 10, 2019. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Logical pluralism is the view that there is more than one correct logic. Logics are theories of validity: they tell us, for different arguments, whether or not that argument is of a valid form. Different logics disagree about which argument forms are valid.[1] For example, logics like Classical and Strong Kleene logic tell us that that ex falso quodlibet, the argument... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


Excerpt from Excursion 4 Tour II: 4.4 “Do P-Values Exaggerate the Evidence?” getting beyond… Excerpt from Excursion 4 Tour II*   4.4 Do P-Values Exaggerate the Evidence? “Significance levels overstate the evidence against the null hypothesis,” is a line you may often hear. Your first question is: What do you mean by overstating the evidence against a hypothesis? Several (honest) answers are possible. Here is one possibility: What I mean is that when I put a lump of prior weight π0 of 1/2 on a point null... Error Statistics -


Hayek’s Post-Positivist Empiricism: Experience Beyond Sensation Jan Willem Lindemans’ chapter. Empiricismevolutionary epistemologyFriedrich HayekHayek in MindJan Willem LindemansKantphilosophical psychologypositivismsensory experience Man Without Qualities -


The Horizon of the Absolute   What has mathematics to do with politics; and, by default, with our survival as a species, given the apparently unstoppable acceleration of capitalism, the collapse of a realistic left alternative, and the coming climate-apocalypse? A lot, according to Alain Badiou. Only the appearance of a new political subject, a subject subjected to a truth and to a practice of fidelity to that truth, can make the changes necessary to the survival of the species.... Synthetic Zero -


My New Year’s Irresolution One Week Later, Or, The Philosophy of Narcissism. I’ve got way more New Year’s resolutions than you and I’m halfway through getting them done already but it’s not a competition heaven forbid How many have you done? I’m up to number 99 But who’s counting? I’ve got reasons to be cheerful, but I’m not. They tell me it’s just creeping menace I’m not … [continue reading] Against Professional Philosophy -


Sarah K. Robins Webinar on Memory & Optogenetic Intervention The Brains blog is excited for the first webinar of the year over at Neural Mechanisms this Friday. The event is free. Find information about how and when to join the webinar here: https://www.neuralmechanisms.org/blog/january-03rd-2019 (and below). Memory and Optogenetic Intervention: Separating the Engram from the Ecphory Sarah Robins (University of Kansas) 11 January 2019h 15-17 – Greenwhich Mean Time Click to see what your local time is at this time. Abstract. Optogenetics makes possible the control of neural activity... Brains Blog -


Call for Papers: Decentralised Governance: Hayek Amongst the Machines Check out this Call for Papers Artificial intelligenceAustrian Economicsblockchaincosmos & taxiscryptocurrencydistributed knowledgedistributed ledger technologyFriedrich Hayek Man Without Qualities -


INCANDESCENT IMPRESSIONS (1): prologemona to reading Michel Serres’ « The Incandescent » As long as philosophy invents concepts, it constructs an infinitive and substantive language no one can speak without laughing. By recognizing the spaces and times conditioning the positions, it reconstructs, through these prepositions, a sayable language close to those real ones we speak … it invents fewer concepts than personages … wandering in the landscapes of the world … which all have in common vibrating between the person and the symbol, combining the singular with... Agent Swarm -