Metaphysics

Epistemic and Ethical Implications

Most philosophical discussions of mindreading stay squarely within the realm of philosophy of psychology. Theorizing about mindreading plays a role in debates about the modularity of the mind, the representational theory of mind, language development, the semantics of ordinary language use, etc. Using mindreading as a case study for understanding the mind and our capacity for language makes sense. There is a wealth of philosophical and empirical work on the topic; it is an excellent example of fruitful interdisciplinary interaction and collaboration; mindreading is ubiquitous in our everyday lives, and the capacity for mature mindreading seems to be a distinctively human trait. Thus, we can see why the study of mindreading would have natural applications in other areas of philosophy of psychology.   ¶ One would think that understanding how we interpret and interact with others is important for other philosophical areas, as well. Various topics in epistemology and ethics, for example, concern how we know what others believe, our judgments that others are ¶ knowledgeable and competent with respect to some issue, whether we regard someone as an epistemic inferior, peer, or superior, and all the moral judgments entangled with these inferences. These inferences clearly involve mindreading, so it is initially puzzling that the mindreading literature has had so little to say about these epistemic and ethical topics. ¶ Judgments about others’ knowledge and competence play a key role in debates about peer disagreement and epistemic injustice. In this short space, I will focus just on peer disagreement... -

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Mini-Heap

Here’s the latest Mini-Heap. ¶ “It remains to be seen how much of embodied-cognition theory will remain intact following the replication crisis” — at Quartz “There is very good reason to expect that she will produce sound and interesting work in philosophy” — a letter of recommendation for G.E.M. Anscombe, written by Wittgenstein “What are the cognitive processes that underlie successful social understanding and interaction—and what happens when we misunderstand others”? — Shannon Spaulding (Oklahoma State) is guest-blogging at Brains Is it gay for me to love Natalie Wynn? — the philosopher takes on tough questions, and just when you think “but what about this further question she definitely won’t ask because it raises politically incorrect problems for her own view?” she asks it. Watch the whole thing.... -

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SEDUCTIVE ARTWORKS

What follows is a guest post by Nils-Hennes Stear. Note: This post is more or less a précis of part of the author’s ‘Meriting a Response: The Paradox of Seductive Artworks’, forthcoming in the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. ¶ During a recent flight, I watched Ridley Scott’s The Martian. It’s... -

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The Self-Emptying Subject Book Event: Angels and Flies

Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com ¶   ¶ Beatrice Marovich is an assistant professor of theological studies at Hanover College. She works at the intersection of philosophy and theology and is currently working on a book called Creature Feeling: Political Theology and Animal Mortality. ¶ Gilles Deleuze was no great proponent... -

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Epistemic and Ethical Implications Most philosophical discussions of mindreading stay squarely within the realm of philosophy of psychology. Theorizing about mindreading plays a role in debates about the modularity of the mind, the representational theory of mind, language development, the semantics of ordinary language use, etc. Using mindreading as a case study for understanding the mind and our capacity for language makes sense. There is a wealth of philosophical and empirical work on the topic; it is an excellent... Brains Blog -


Eliminating Footnotes Makes Philosophy More Accessible by Nick Bird It’s 2019. Computers can drive cars, operate stores, and outperform humans in sophisticated games. However, computers cannot correctly read a PDF with footnotes. ... Read more... Blog of the APA -


A to Z az the (Hungarian) beku frozen (Indonesian) culus heavy (Somali) daji blow (Chinese) eetali earthen (Samoan) fomelis small (Greek) gadak carcass (Gujarati) himlib he was (Uzbek) injuk Poughkeepsie (Sundanese) jazo penalty (Uzbek) kuza come (Xhosa) locho route (Gujarati) moshar mosquito (Bengali) noofa diesel (Swahili) oq what (Portugese) qoxa smell (Azerbaijani) radam landfill (Maltese) sujub goes smoothly (Estonian) teeke blanket (Frisian) upad decline (Slovenian) vlon seethe (Albanian) weshxo diagram (Zulu) xim color (Hmong) yashb live (Uzbek) zibimi... Eric Linus Kaplan -


SEDUCTIVE ARTWORKS What follows is a guest post by Nils-Hennes Stear. Note: This post is more or less a précis of part of the author’s ‘Meriting a Response: The Paradox of Seductive Artworks’, forthcoming in the Australasian Journal of Philosophy. During a recent flight, I watched Ridley Scott’s The Martian. It’s a Robinsonade tale about Mark Watney (Matt Damon), an astronaut stranded on Mars and engineering his own survival. The film was watchable enough—well produced, acted, and visually... Aesthetics for Birds -


The Self-Emptying Subject Book Event: Angels and Flies Photo by Pixabay on Pexels.com   Beatrice Marovich is an assistant professor of theological studies at Hanover College. She works at the intersection of philosophy and theology and is currently working on a book called Creature Feeling: Political Theology and Animal Mortality. Gilles Deleuze was no great proponent of theology. But he did recognize a kind of potency that was present, at least historically, in the concept of God. In a lecture on the early modern... An und für sich -


Mini-Heap Here’s the latest Mini-Heap. “It remains to be seen how much of embodied-cognition theory will remain intact following the replication crisis” — at Quartz “There is very good reason to expect that she will produce sound and interesting work in philosophy” — a letter of recommendation for G.E.M. Anscombe, written by Wittgenstein “What are the cognitive processes that underlie successful social understanding and interaction—and what happens when we misunderstand others”? — Shannon Spaulding (Oklahoma State) is guest-blogging at... Daily Nous -


The Prescient Pessimism of Octavia Butler // republished from LOST FUTURES // In the 2020s and ‘30s, fire ravages California towns. Migrant caravans make their way on foot towards the closed border of Oregon. A new President promises to “make America great again” through authoritarianism and political violence. This is the future imagined by Octavia Butler in Paradise of the Sower (1993) and Parable of the Talents (2000) but it is also, of course, partly our present. While we have not completely hit the apocalyptic depths of... Synthetic Zero -


An unimportant hiccup with the Free Will Defense There is a messy little gap in how the Free Will Defense is sometimes thought about—or at least has been thought about by me. First it is argued that the following Trans-World Depravity thesis is logically possible: (TWD) In every feasible world, every significantly free creature sins at least once. Then from the possibility of TWD, one wants to conclude: God is justified in creating a world where some significantly free creature sins. But (2)... Alexander Pruss -


Barron's on the acceleration of change. The philosopher Martin Heidegger argued that technological advancement is a process of revealing and building. We can’t control what we reveal through exploration and discovery, but we can—and should—be wise about what we build. If you just “move fast and break things,” don’t be surprised if you break something important. Enowning -


Born in Exile by George Gissing (pub.1892) George Gissing’s rate of production worked against the development of a good style. He wrote eight hours a day producing a novel every year. When he showed a publisher two volumes of Demos that had as a theme contemporary worker agitation he was told that if he could produce a third volume they would publish it immediately. In those days novels came in 3 volumes. He set to and wrote it in two weeks. No,... Ombhurbhuva -


Family Portrait: Jazz Fest at 50 Just released. Scott Guion’s painting for Jazz Fest 50. jazz Festmusicnew orleansScott Guion Man Without Qualities -


Philosophy of Chemistry [Revised entry by Michael Weisberg, Paul Needham, and Robin Hendry on January 16, 2019. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography, notes.html] Chemistry is the study of the structure and transformation of matter. When Aristotle wrote the first systematic treatises on chemistry in the 4th century BCE, his conceptual grasp of the nature of matter was tailored to accommodate a relatively simple range of observable phenomena. In the 21st century, chemistry has become the largest scientific discipline,... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


A Broader Conception of Mindreading In the previous two posts, I examined challenges to the view that we regularly attribute mental states to others and explain and predict their behavior. Although these challenges do not show that mindreading is a rarely used or relatively unimportant tool, they do highlight how limited the ordinary conception of mindreading really is. Typically, philosophical and empirical discussions of mindreading focus on the concept of belief, how and when we attribute beliefs, and whether infants... Brains Blog -


A Dual Process Model of Imaginative Resistance Hanna Kim is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at Washington and Jefferson College. Her research interests include experimental philosophy, aesthetics, and metaphor. A post by Hanna Kim.The phenomenon of imaginative resistance has been widely discussed in the philosophical literature, including a number of times on this blog (e.g., see here, here, and here). Imaginative resistance has been defined as occurring “when an otherwise competent imaginer finds it difficult to engage in some sort of prompted... The Junkyard -


Against the actual truth of transworld depravity Here is an interesting result. If the Biblical account of creation is true, then Plantinga’s Trans-World Depravity (TWD) thesis is false. All this doesn’t affect Plantinga’s Free Will Defense which only needs the logical possibility of TWD, but it limits its usefulness a little by making clear that the defense is based on an actually-false assumption. (Quick review: Plantinga uses the logical possibility of TWD to argue for the logical possibility of evil. That argument... Alexander Pruss -


Pop Matters on disclosure in the new version of Malick's The Tree of Life. To call Malick's aesthetics "Heideggerian" may be too schematic and reductive, but the influence of Heidegger is clear. Intrinsic to being human, according to Heidegger, is the ability to ask questions about being, about the mysteries and meaning of being. For Heidegger, we are predisposed to be philosophers, to both be intimately a part of the world and simultaneously, and paradoxically,... Enowning -


A New Argument Against Capital Punishment. THINKING FOR A LIVING: A PHILOSOPHER’S NOTEBOOK 18 PREVIOUS INSTALLMENTS #17: Fear, denial, and loathing in the philosophy of mind. #16: The political aesthetics of outer space. #15: The paradox of distributive social justice, and what is to be done? #14: How a priori knowledge is really possible. #13: Is a priori knowledge really possible? … [continue reading] Against Professional Philosophy -


In Counter Currents Pravat Ranjan Sethi ask questions. Heidegger’s chief concern is not with how this particular thing X relates to that particular thing Y, but rather how it is that the meaning of Xs and Ys and their possible relations gets determined in the first place. What does it mean for such things to be; what does it mean to say that they are? This question of “ontology” (the study of being), rather than... Enowning -


In NDPR Dimitri Ginev reviews Jeff Kochan's Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge. Heidegger argues that like Dasein's basic mode of being-in-the-world, the "derivative" mode of being-in-the-world-by-objectifying-the-world finds its meaning in temporality. Like all meaningful entities taking place in the facticity of existence, the procedurally objectified scientific objects always remain amenable to a meaningful reconstitution within the temporalizing of the mathematically projected horizon (conceived of as a horizon of temporality).... Enowning -


The Greatest Possible Being 2019.01.04 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jeff Speaks, The Greatest Possible Being, Oxford University Press, 2018, 175pp., $45.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198826811. Reviewed by Jonathan L. Kvanvig, Washington University in St. Louis From a certain historical perspective, the current consensus concerning Perfect Being Theology (PBT) is surprising. One can wonder how the fundamental nature of God could be (conceived to be) in terms of being the most perfect being, especially if... Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews -