Metaphysics

Natural Kinds in the Mind

On 5–6 September 2022, this conference will bring together international researchers working in philosophy of science to examine the natural kind approach to mental phenomena. ¶ Recent years have seen the rise of a new methodology in philosophy of psychology, which starts from the claim that paradigmatic mental phenomena studied in philosophy of psychology – consciousness, perception, knowledge, concepts and emotion – form psychological natural kinds as studied by philosophy of science. Proponents of this view take this claim to be of fundamental significance: on their view, accounting for these in terms of natural kinds has potential to resolve prominent and on-going disputes about the nature of these phenomena and their relationship to other mental kinds, as well as providing new theories of these mental categories which are unavailable on standard approaches. In many cases, these philosophers have argued that viewing mental phenomena as natural kinds also has substantive implications for how these ought to be studied scientifically, with the “natural kind approach” to phenomena like consciousness and concepts (Shea and Bayne 2010, 2020, Shea 2012, Irvine 2013, Machery 2006) offering promising methodological programmes for on-going empirical research. ¶ Thus far, early work in this field has proceeded on an independent, case-by-case basis. It has been argued, for example, that accounting for consciousness (Shea and Bayne 2010, Shea 2012, Bayne 2018, Shea and Bayne 2020 c.f. Irvine 2013, Phillips 2012), perception (Burge 2010, Taylor 2019, Spener in press), knowledge (Kornblith 2007), pain (c.f. Corns 2016) concepts (c.f. Machery 2006), and emotion (Feldman-Barrett... -

Read More @ LSE Philosophy

NOTHING TO DECLARE The Language of Becoming (3): Philosophy and the Daimon

3) Philosophy and the Daimon ¶ « We are made of dreams and our dreams are made of us » (Pierrot le Fou). ¶ Understanding a philosopher is like learning a foreign language. You can learn to speak a foreign language perfectly without even letting it touch the different layers of your psyche – from the most banal to the most profound. It remains an instrument. A very different sort of learning can happen if learning the language takes place in situations that are formative of our life. We really do understand the language from the inside – we live inside it as if a new wing has been added to our house. The words to express love and friendship and irritation, silly word games, phrases... -

Read More @ Agent Swarm
François Laruelle’s A Biography of Ordinary Man Video Reading: Presentations

¶ This is the first of a new series of videos devoted to a reading of François Laruelle’s A BIOGRAPHY OF ORDINARY MAN. -

Read More @ Agent Swarm
The Many and the One, #1

As Louis MacNiece wrote, “World is crazier and more of it than we think, Incorrigbly plural.” Evidently, then, we need a plural logic! Or so say quite a few. And enough has been written on the topic for it to be time to pause to take stock. ¶ I... -

Read More @ Logic Matters

Recent Sites Posting Metaphysics


All Posts in Metaphysics

Buddy Guy @ 85 See the PBS special Buddy Guy: The Blues Chase The Blues Away. bluesBuddy GuyChicagoguitarLouisiana Man Without Qualities -


Friendship [Revised entry by Bennett Helm on July 30, 2021. Changes to: Main text, Bibliography] Friendship, as understood here, is a distinctively personal relationship that is grounded in a concern on the part of each friend for the welfare of the other, for the other's sake, and that involves some degree of intimacy. As such, friendship is undoubtedly central to our lives, in part because the special concern we have for our friends must have a... Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy -


François Laruelle’s A Biography of Ordinary Man Video Reading: Presentations This is the first of a new series of videos devoted to a reading of François Laruelle’s A BIOGRAPHY OF ORDINARY MAN. Agent Swarm -


The Many and the One, #1 As Louis MacNiece wrote, “World is crazier and more of it than we think, Incorrigbly plural.” Evidently, then, we need a plural logic! Or so say quite a few. And enough has been written on the topic for it to be time to pause to take stock. I have just now started reading Salvatore Florio and Øystein Linnebo’s The One and The Many: A Philosophical Study of Plural Logic, newly published by OUP with an... Logic Matters -


Natural Kinds in the Mind On 5–6 September 2022, this conference will bring together international researchers working in philosophy of science to examine the natural kind approach to mental phenomena. Recent years have seen the rise of a new methodology in philosophy of psychology, which starts from the claim that paradigmatic mental phenomena studied in philosophy of psychology – consciousness, perception, knowledge, concepts and emotion – form psychological natural kinds as studied by philosophy of science. Proponents of this view take this... LSE Philosophy -


Mini-Heap New links added lately to the Heap… “A box much lighter than the others, nearly falling to pieces with a red cloth hanging out on all sides, caught my attention. Opening it gently, I was met with a face” — the discovery of Spinoza’s death mask “The unlived life is not worth examining” — aphorisms of the late great popularizer of philosophy, Bryan Magee John Locke’s pancake recipe. Seriously. — be warned: between the cream, freshly grated nutmeg,... Daily Nous -


God's vision of reality Consider the simple theory of visual sensation on which for me to have a visual sensation as of y is for x to stand in a “vision relation” to y, with the relation being external to x so that x is no different intrinsically when x has a visual sensation as of a red cube and when x does not. We know that this simple theory is false of us for the obvious reason that... Alexander Pruss -


The Contradictory Christ 2021.07.03 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews Jc Beall, The Contradictory Christ, Oxford University Press, 2021, 208pp., $60.00 (hbk), ISBN 9780198852360. Reviewed by Eric Yang, Santa Clara University In this book, Jc Beall advances a novel approach to dealing with some of the logical worries related to the Christian doctrine of the incarnation. Traditional Christianity maintains that Jesus Christ is both divine and human, and something being divine entails that it... Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews -


Why Relativism is the Worst Idea Ever The philosopher Allan Bloom once lamented: ‘There is one thing a professor can be absolutely certain of: almost every student entering the university believes, or says he believes, that truth is relative.’ Perhaps Bloom overstated his case, but as a university teacher myself, I think he’s onto something. Do people who proclaim that ‘truth is […] Blog of the APA -


NOTHING TO DECLARE The Language of Becoming (4): The Marriage of Philosophy and the Unconscious 4) The Marriage of Philosophy and the Unconscious ‘Does the unconscious still have anything to say to us?’ asks Guattari, noting the deluge of systems and techniques of interpretation that flood our psychological landscape. ‘Does philosophy still have anything to say to us!’ asks Deleuze, pointing out the existence of an Image of thought that functions to prevent thinking. Perhaps these two questions are inseparable, as if they form a single paradoxical question that is... Agent Swarm -


NOTHING TO DECLARE The Language of Becoming (3): Philosophy and the Daimon 3) Philosophy and the Daimon « We are made of dreams and our dreams are made of us » (Pierrot le Fou). Understanding a philosopher is like learning a foreign language. You can learn to speak a foreign language perfectly without even letting it touch the different layers of your psyche – from the most banal to the most profound. It remains an instrument. A very different sort of learning can happen if learning the language takes... Agent Swarm -


NOTHING TO DECLARE The Language of Becoming (2): The Axiom of Becoming 2) The Axiom of Becoming « if becoming is a model, not only the duality of the model and the copy, of the model and the reproduction, must disappear, but the very notions of model and of reproduction tend to lose all meaning » (Deleuze and Guattari). THEOREM by Pasolini tells the story of a rich comfortable bourgeois family that finds its life shattered by a divine visitation. A young man arrives from outside, stays for an... Agent Swarm -


NOTHING TO DECLARE The Language of Becoming (1): Dark Crystal This is the first part (out of four) of an article originally published in TENSION Issue 9: « Murmur of the Soul », May 1986. The impetus to finally put it into blog-readable form was provided by an episode of the podcast ACID HORIZON devoted to « Inner Experience: From James Hillman’s Archetypal Psychology towards a Liberation Psychology ». This is a very interesting episode introducing the insufficiently known and read post-Jungian analyst and cultural theorist James Hillman and... Agent Swarm -


Online talk about George Eliot and Spinoza (Agora Series) The School of Liberal Arts, University of Wollongong invites you attend the online Agora Speaker Series on Thursday 5 August, 3.30 to 5.00 PM AEST. Register here Dr Sophie Frazer (University of Wollongong) “Speaking brokenly”: Reading Romola with Spinoza  George Eliot’s historical romance Romola (1862-3) has long been considered a failure. An ambitious revivification of Renaissance Florence, with an exacting verisimilitude, Romola has often been judged a failure of style and story. In this paper, I argue that Romola is one of the... Feminist History of Philosophy -


The Right Global Warming Message  YOU WON'T BE ABLE TO EAT. YOU WON'T HAVE ANY MORE FOOD TO EAT.  Ecology Without Nature -


Random quoteAll animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others.George Orwell (1903-1950) Philosophy by the Way -


Do We Still Need Physical Media? Image via Pixabay What follows is a guest post by Michael L. Moore. Despite growing up in the 1990s, my first introduction to physical media was through vinyl records. My parents had countless of them left over from their youth, and spinning The Jackson Five Christmas Album every holiday season was as much tradition as Santa Claus coming down the chimney. I didn’t quite understand how it all worked—how a 12” black disc with several... Aesthetics for Birds -


You’re Wearing That? From School Dress Codes to Rape Culture The email from my daughter’s elementary school principal arrived one spring afternoon.  It stated that effective immediately for all elementary school students (K-6th grade), halter tops and spaghetti straps were no longer allowed. Aside from the inconvenience–I had just purchased several sundresses, some with spaghetti straps, for my five-year-old daughter–I was surprised not only by […] Blog of the APA -


Speaking with the Living, Speaking with the Dead, and Maybe Not Caring Which Is Which Since the pandemic began, I've been meeting people, apart from my family, mainly through Zoom. I see their faces on a screen. I hear their voices through headphones. This is what it has become to interact with someone. Maybe future generations will find this type of interaction ever more natural and satisfying. "Deepfake" technology is also improving. We can create Anthony Bourdain's voice and hear him read aloud words that he never actually read aloud.... Splintered Mind -


“Settling” for a Romantic Partner A problem for many, especially the young, is that when they seek long-term partners they are moved by sexual passion and physical desire. They often fail to seek substantive people with whom they can experience a lasting, mature love based on compromise, tolerance, stability, and commitment. I realize this is trite advice, and I also acknowledge this thought didn’t occur to me when I was in my twenties. Still, it is surprising how many disregard this advice.... Reason and Meaning -